Anaerobic fungi are the sole members of the phylum Neocallimstigomycota.

Within this phylum, there is only one class (Neocallimastigomycetes), one order (Neocallimastigales) and one family (Neocallimastigaceae).

Wthin the Neocallimastigaceae, there are currently 19 recognized anaerobic fungal genera. Many more genera remain to be isolated and/or characterized.

The 19 characterized anaerobic fungal genera are (listed in chronological order of characterization): Neocallimastix, Piromyces, Caecomyces, Orpinomyces, Anaeromyces, Cyllamyces, Buwchfawromyces, Oontomyces, Pecoramyces, Feramyces, Liebetanzomyces, Aklioshbomyces,  Agriosomyces, Capellomyces, Ghazallomyces, Joblinomyces, Khoyollomyces, Tahromyces and Aestipascuomyces.

As of January 2021, each month we will feature details of one of these genera – building up an online resource that describes all these different anaerobic fungal genera.

This month we’d like to introduce you to the first anaerobic fungal genus to be discovered – Neocallimastix.